Open up an (elevated) Powershell instance and run the following script. It will download Ubutu and enable the Linux Subsystem on Windows.
# download Ubuntu Invoke-WebRequest -Uri https://aka.ms/wsl-ubuntu-1604 -OutFile Ubuntu.zip -UseBasicParsing # extract the file Expand-Archive ./Ubuntu.zip ./Ubuntu # set path $userenv = [System.Environment]::GetEnvironmentVariable("Path", "User") [System.Environment]::SetEnvironmentVariable("PATH", $userenv + $(Get-Location).Path + "\Ubuntu", "User") # install WSL: Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux
Now that everything is in place, please restart the server. After the restart, open up Powershell again and run Ubuntu. You will be asked to create a new UNIX user.
cd Ubuntu ubuntu1604.exe
Now you can upgrade to the latest version of Ubuntu by this script:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
It might take some time to upgrade.
2019-06-24: Changed the out file for the download link into a zip extension, no renaming needed anymore.
2018-06-24: The executable in the current download is
ubuntu1604.exe, so I changed it in the script.